By González, Hebe Alicia
This dissertation offers a linguistic description of Tapiete, a Tupi-Guarani (TG) language spoken in Argentina, Bolivia and Paraguay. Fieldwork has been carried out in Argentina, the place approximately eighty Tapiete households are settled in "Misión Los Tapietes", Tartagal, province of Salta, northern Argentina. hence, the linguistic facts and the result of this research mirror the range spoken via the Tapietes residing in Argentina. the most beneficial properties of Tapiete phonology, the nominal and the verbal morphology, in addition to the syntactic constitution are investigated. on the lexical point, a vocabulary of 2049 entries and four hundred subentries is equipped according to the data amassed in the course of the elicitation of lexical questionnaires and texts. in particular, this dissertation investigates the expression of ownership in Tapiete, as its default marker of ownership has constructed from a useful extension of the default marker of ownership, t-, of sophistication II nouns in TG languages. additionally, yet another formalization of the alienable/inalienable competition happens, expressed during the lifestyles of other units of 3rd individual markers.In addition, this paintings discusses the restructuring of the cross-reference method in Tapiete. specifically, it describes the inability of an overt marker of 3rd individual for verbs that belong to Jensen's Set 1, aside from monosyllabic roots, and the encoding of the 1st individual energetic and inactive plural unique throughout the verbal root marked for 3rd individual, including the affixation of the TG nominalizing morpheme -ha. additionally, the Tapiete model of Jensen's Set four individual markers differs from that of TG languages: whereas in TG languages those types are portmanteau morphemes that encode a primary individual singular or plural performing on a moment individual singular (e.g. TG oro-) or a primary individual singular or plural performing on a moment individual plural (e.g TG opo-), in Tapiete, either types encode a primary individual singular, with out chance in their being interpret Read more...
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Extra resources for A Grammar of Tapiete (Tupi-Guarani)
Ava-Guarani), word stress in Tapiete falls on the penultimate syllable. 31 However, the place of the stress may change according to the suffix ability to attract stress. As for its syllabic structure, Tapiete only allows for open syllable where the onset may be a consonant or a vowel. Finally, Tapiete displays nasal harmony, a process by which consonants undergo changes by virtue of the presence of a stressed nasal vowel of a lexical item. (Cf. 2. Morphosyntax As said before, Tapiete is an agglutinative language that exhibits prefixation, suffixation, and reduplication.
Generally speaking, it is possible to say that the generation on their 30s completed only what is presently called EGB 1. 24 Testimonies of Tapiete people I interviewed have been unanimous: they went to school being Tapiete monolingual, and their teachers not only did not speak their language, but also humiliated them when they spoke Tapiete. The ineluctable consequence of this kind of educative situation is that children abandon school after only a few years. The real command of reading and writing, of this part of the population, varies depending on the possibility they had to practice this kind of knowledge: those who worked outside the community, as bakers, bricklayers, drivers, bilingual assistants or representatives of their community, can read and write Spanish, even if with some difficulties according to the cases.
Tapiete parents and grandparents feared vaccination to be only another method employed by white people to exterminate them 15 . During this period of scarce and unsatisfactory contacts with the criollo community, almost every adult and child was a monolingual speaker of Tapiete, while some adolescents knew a little Spanish, a language they had learnt after spending two or three years at school. Up to twenty years ago, Tapiete adolescents used to meet in the evangelical temple of the community, where the only language heard was Tapiete.
A Grammar of Tapiete (Tupi-Guarani) by González, Hebe Alicia